Wednesday, August 6, 2008

CONVENTION ON CHILD RIGHTS TOOLS

Handling information for children's rightsThe importance of accessing relevant information and the necessity of an efficient system for handling it was recognized as a crucial component of its activities by the Committee on the Rights of the Child, the treaty body responsible for monitoring the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, since its first meeting in 1991.In this spirit, UNICEF IRC has developed and published, since many years, internationally agreed information-handling tools that can strengthen access to data and effective information exchange.
CRC Clusters
In its Guidelines for Initial Reports and Periodic Reports, the Committee on the Rights of the Child has grouped the provisions of the Convention in clusters: "This approach reflects the Convention's holistic perspective of children's rights: that they are indivisible and interrelated, and that equal importance should be attached to each and every right recognized therein" (CRC/C/58, para.9). Clicking on the CRC Articles, the text of the Convention on the Rights of the Child is parsed according to the CRC Glossary terms.
I General measures of implementationArticle 4: implementation obligations Article 41: respect for existing standards Article 42: making Convention widely known Article 44(6): making reports widely available
II Definition of a childArticle 1:
III General principlesArticle 2: non-discrimination Article 3(1): best interest to be a primary consideration Article 3(2): State's obligations to ensure necessary care and protection Article 3(3): standards for institutions services and facilities Article 6: the right to life, survival and development (see also: VI Basic health and welfare) Article 12: respect for the views of the child
IV Civil rights and freedomsArticle 7: right to name, nationality and to know and be cared for by parents Article 8: preservation of child's identity Article 13: freedom of expression Article 14: freedom of thought, conscience and religion Article 15: freedom of association and peaceful assembly Article16: protection of privacy Article 17: child's access to information, and role of mass media Article 37(a): right not to be subjected to torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment
V Family environment and alternative careArticle 5: parental guidance and child's evolving capacities Article 18(1) and (2): parental responsibilities and State's assistance Article 9: separation from parents Article 10: family reunification Article 11: illicit transfer and non-return Article 27(4): recovery of maintenance for the child Article 20: children deprived of their family environment Article 21: adoption Article 25: periodic review of placemnet and treatment Article19: protection from all forms of violence Article 39: rehabilitation and reintegration of victims of violence (see also: VIII - Special protection measures)
VI Basic health and welfareArticle 6: right to life, survival and development (see also: III - General principles) Article 18(3): support for working parents Article 23: rights of disabled children Article 24: right to health and health services Article 26: right to social security Article 27(1)-(3): right to adequate standard of living
VII Education, leisure and cultural activitiesArticle 28: right to education Article 29: aims of education Article 31: right to leisure, play and participation in cultural and artictic activities
VIII Special protection measuresA - Children in situations of emergency Article 22: refugee children Article 38: children and armed conflict Article 39: rehabilitation of child victims (see also: V Family environment and alternative care) B - Children involved with the system of administration of juvenile justice Article 40: administration of juvenile justice Article 37(a): prohibition of capital punishment and life imprisonment Article 37(b)-(d): restriction of liberty Article 39: rehabilitation and reintegration of child victims (see also: V Family environment and alternative care) C - Children in situations of exploitation Article 32: child labour Article 33: drug abuse Article 34: sexual exploitation Article 35: sale, trafficking and abduction Article 36: other forms of exploitation D - Children belonging to a minority or an indigenous group Article 30: (UNICEF)
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